predicate

predicate
predicate
Predicate and predict are distantly related but their meanings are distinct. The primary meaning of predict is ‘to foretell’, whereas the primary use of predicate is followed by on in the meaning ‘to found or base (on a principle or assumption)’: That's a goal, and it's predicated on some things happening: having elections, having Iraqi security forces and police forces well trained, [etc.] —CNN news transcripts, 2004 [OEC]. When base or found would do as well (as in the example given) it is better to use one of them:

• ☒ The emotion was predicated on one particular hope: that one day the high purposes would be recognized, and the actors justified —A. Wroe, 1991.


Modern English usage. 2014.

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  • Predicate — Pred i*cate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Predicated}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Predicating}.] [L. praedicatus, p. p. of praedicare to cry in public, to proclaim. See {Preach}.] 1. To assert to belong to something; to affirm (one thing of another); as, to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Predicate — or predication may refer to:*Predicate (mathematics), a relation, or the boolean valued characteristic function or indicator function of a relation *Predicate (logic), a fundamental concept in first order logic **in Bertrand Russell s theory of… …   Wikipedia

  • predicate — [pred′i kāt΄; ] for n. [ & ] adj. [, pred′ikit] vt. predicated, predicating [L praedicatus, pp. of praedicare: see PREACH] 1. Obs. to proclaim; preach; declare; affirm 2. a) to affirm as a quality, attribute, or property of a person or thing …   English World dictionary

  • predicate — pred·i·cate 1 / pre də ˌkāt/ vt cat·ed, cat·ing: to set or ground on something: find a basis for usu. used with on if Mary s claim is predicated simply on John s duty of support W. M. McGovern, Jr. et al. pred·i·cate 2 / pre di kət/ adj: rela …   Law dictionary

  • Predicate — Pred i*cate, n. [L. praedicatum, neut. of praedicatus, p. p. praedicare: cf. F. pr[ e]dicat. See {Predicate}, v. t.] 1. (Logic) That which is affirmed or denied of the subject. In these propositions, Paper is white, Ink is not white, whiteness is …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • predicate — ► NOUN 1) Grammar the part of a sentence or clause containing a verb and stating something about the subject (e.g. went home in John went home). 2) Logic something which is affirmed or denied concerning an argument of a proposition. ► VERB 1)… …   English terms dictionary

  • Predicate — Pred i*cate, a. [L. praedicatus, p. p.] Predicated. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Predicate — Pred i*cate, v. i. To affirm something of another thing; to make an affirmation. Sir M. Hale. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • predicate — (n.) 1530s, a term in logic, from L. praedicatum that which is said of the subject, properly neut. pp. of praedicare assert, proclaim, declare publicly, from prae forth, before (see PRE (Cf. pre )) + dicare proclaim, from stem of dicere to speak …   Etymology dictionary

  • predicate — vb affirm, declare, profess, *assert, aver, protest, avouch, avow, warrant …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

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